Response to COVID-19

Chapter: Nepal | Project range: Local | Year: 2020

Chapter details

About the chapter:
Transparency International Nepal (TIN) is a civil society institution dedicated to increasing public accountability and curbing corruption in all walks of life. TIN currently has a network of 25 Affiliated Organizations (AO) in 24 districts of Nepal, which function as its outreach. It has strong relationship with like-minded organisations, media and several state institutions. Through its continuous activism over a decade, TIN has established itself as a leading anti-corruption agency in Nepal.

CPI Score: 31

CPI Rank: 124

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Theory of Change


As of 26 June 2020, Nepal has 11162 cases confirmed, 1650 people have recovered, and there have been 26 deaths.

Nepal introduced lockdown measures since 24 March and has progressively reduced them since 12 June. The government has increased health spending, including by providing additional incentive pay and insurance coverage to all medical front-line personnel, importing additional medical supplies, and setting up quarantine centres and temporary hospitals. They are also strengthening social assistance by providing those most vulnerable with daily food rations, subsidizing utility bills for low-usage customers, and taking steps to partially compensate those who suffer job loss.

Nepal has also been a recipient of financial aid to combat the COVID-19 crisis. The IMF Executive Board approved the disbursement of US$214 million in emergency financing ; the World Bank approved a fast-track $29 million COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems Preparedness Project ; and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) today approved a $250 million concessional loan to help the Government of Nepal fund its response to the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.

There are some concerns about the mismanagement of COVID-19 resources, as it happened with the 2015 earthquake-related funds. There have been some allegations of corruption in medical procurement already. In April, the government scrapped the contract with Omni Group, the supplier of medical equipment to the government, for failing to supply the promised gear in time. Earlier, the government had bypassed the lowest bidder and awarded the contract to Omni Group.


  1. Online webinar-based training for journalists and CSOs on procurement corruption, data use, open contracting and COVID-19
  2. Press releases to media on COVID-19 response
  3. Awareness raising of COVID-19 procurement corruption risks published through social media and TI Nepal website
  4. Advocacy around procurement transparency and government expenditure during COVID-19 – formal letters written to Ministry of health and Ministry of Social Development requesting the proactive disclosure of information pertaining to procurement expenditure and use of external COVID-19 aid relief funding.
  5. 10-point appeal of public concern regarding COVID-19 and procurement concerns issued by TI-Nepal